The French Bulldog, also known as the Frenchie, is a member of the non sporting group. This breed’s ancestry includes the English Bulldog. They are stubborn, muscular, heavy boned and active. Their coats only require occasional brushing but their facial folds should be cleaned daily. It is important to inspect their ears for debris regularly. This is a brachycephalic (short nosed) breed, therefore it is important to avoid exercise in excessive heat. They are prone to airway diseases, spinal issues, degenerative discs and hernias. The average lifespan of this breed is between 11 and 13 years.
The Jack Russell Terrier, also known as the Parsons Jack Russell Terrier, is a compact working dog. The American Kennel Club does not recognize the Jack Russell Terrier as a breed of it’s own but they are registered as Parson Russell Terriers. The breed was developed in England nearly 200 years ago for fox hunting. Due to their working nature, they possess a strong prey drive. Their high energy warrants frequent activity, apartment living is not ideal for this breed. Training should be started early in life. They come in both smooth and broken coats with their body being primarily white with a variety of secondary markings. Smooth coated dogs require occasional brushing and bathing. Broken coated dogs require occasional stripping or brushing. This breed may be prone to patellar luxation, eye diseases and deafness. The average life expectancy of this breed is 13 to 15 years.
The Bernese Mountain Dog is a hardy Swiss farm dog. This breed thrives on human companionship but tend to favor a single person. They require routine brushing to maintain their coats. The first Bernese Mountain Dogs came to the United States in 1926. The AKC officially recognized the breed in 1937. Training and socialization should start as early as possible to ensure that they are well rounded. They are considered a giant dog breed, weighing between 80 and 100lbs and their average lifespan is between 7 and 10 years. They are prone to health issues including hip and elbow dysplasia, cancer, bloat, sub-aortic stenosis, autoimmune diseases, skin and coat problems, thyroid disorders, von Willebrand’s disease, and eye disorders.
The Pug is one of the oldest dog breeds, originating in China and dating back to 400 B.C. They were officially recognized by the AKC in 1885. Traditionally they are fawn with a black mask or solid black with a compact, stout build. Characteristically, they are known to be playful, outgoing, determined and affectionate to their owners. Pugs tend to be very food motivated, proper nutrition is important. They do not require a lot of brushing or bathing but may require their facial folds to be cleaned daily. Their average lifespan is between 13 and 15 years.
The Irish Water Spaniel is a medium sized, athletic, energetic and hardworking gundog. They come fully equipped with a water repellent coat, perfect for swimming and water fowling. Standing between 21 and 24 inches at the shoulder, they are the tallest of AKC spaniels. In the late 1100’s they were known as the Shannon Spaniel, Rat-Tail Spaniel or Whip-Tail Spaniel. Routine grooming with occasional bathing is recommended. Due to their athletic nature, they do require routine exercise and stimulation. The average lifespan of this breed is between 9 and 12 years.
The West Highland Terrier is a small, hardy terrier originally bred in Scotland. This breed was registered as the Roseneath Terrier in 1908. This breed is known to be strong willed and possess a high prey drive. Due to their prey drive, it is recommended that this breed has a fenced in yard. Their white wiry coat does not require a lot of maintenance, it is recommended that you hand strip their coat and avoid excessive bathing. According to legend, the breed is white in order to avoid mistaken identity in the field.The average lifespan of this breed is between 13 and 15 years.
The Old English Sheepdog is a herding breed that is believed to have originated in England. This breed was officially recognized by the AKC in 1888. They have a long, thick coat that provides them adequate insulation and helps to protect them against heat, cold and dampness. They come in a variety of colors; any shade of gray, grizzle, blue, blue merle with or without white markings. Weekly brushing and regular bathing is recommended to avoid matting. Basic obedience training is a must for this breed, they are known to be full of energy and enthusiasm. Due to their herding nature, it is crucial to supervise this breed around motor vehicles and children. Although they are a herding dog, they have a “soft mouth” and can be trained to retrieve. The average size of a full grown adult is around 70 lbs. or more. As with any large breed dog, it is recommended to restrict their activity until their growth plates have developed, around 18 months of age, to avoid hip and joint issues. Their average life expectancy is around 10 to 12 years old.
The Papillon is a light boned toy spaniel originally developed in France. The name papillon translates to butterfly in French. This breed’s ears can be erect or drop-down and they come in a variety of colors. They require a moderate amount of grooming to avoid matting and maintain their appearance. Routine nail trims and regular tooth brushing are recommended. This is a versatile breed that seems to do quite well in most living situations as long as they receive adequate exercise. They may be prone to patellar luxation, eye disease and cardiac disease. Their average life expectancy is between 13 and 15 years of age.
The Bedlington Terrier‘s history is a bit of a mystery but they were originally bred in England for hunting. The breed was also known as Rothbury’s Terrier, after Lord Rothbury of Bedlington became an enthusiast. In 1886 the Bedlington Terrier earned recognition with the AKC. They are a smaller hunting dog known for their capability to take down otters and badgers. Overall they are known to be fairly well rounded, doing well with families, other animals and being quite trainable. They require a substantial amount of grooming in order to maintain their appearance and avoid skin and eye issues. The average life expectancy is between 11 and 16 years of age.
The Borzoi is a sight hound that originated in Russia during the 17th century and descends from the Arabian Greyhound. They were previously known as the Russian Wolfhound, their name was changed in 1936. This breed has been recognized by the AKC since 1891 and rank as the 99th most popular breed. They are hardwired as a hunting dog and therefore require ample room to sprint and fencing to avoid unwanted wandering. Routine maintenance and regular brushing are a must in order to maintain their long coats. Overall, they are a relatively healthy breed with an average life expectancy of 10 to 12 years.
The Labradoodle is a designer dog that resulted from the intentional crossbreeding of the Labrador Retriever and Standard Poodle. They were originally crossed to produce a more allergy friendly and easy to train guide dog. Due to the fact that they are crossbred, their traits can vary greatly. Their coats can come in everything from short and straight to curly and wool-like. They also come in a wide range of coat colors. Unfortunately, this breed can be prone to all the health concerns of their pure bred relatives such as hip dysplasia, cataracts and other eye diseases.
The Tibetan Spaniel originated in Tibet and can be found in early eastern art, dating back to 1100 BC. They are one of the three non-sporting breeds native to Tibet. As their recognition grew, they were sent as gifts to palaces in China and other Buddhist countries. This breed has many nicknames, the most popular being “little lions” and “tibbies.” The AKC has recognized this breed since 1983 and they rank as the 116th most popular breed. They come in a wide variety of colors and combinations, with a long silky double coat that requires routine maintenance. Routine veterinary care is recommended, they may be prone to eye disease and patella luxation as well as other health challenges.
The Yorkshire Terrier is a toy breed with a big personality. True to their terrier roots, they are brave, intelligent, determined and energetic. They were originally bred as compact ratting dogs and became fashionable in the Victorian era. The breed was recognized by the AKC in 1885 and currently ranks at the 6th most popular. These dogs have extensive grooming requirements; daily brushing and regular trimming. Many people opt for the “puppy” cut, which requires less maintainence. Over the years they have continued to be bred as companions rather than rodent control but, they still require regular exercise. It is important to stay on top of their oral hygiene and they may be prone to eye and patella issues.
The Labrador Retriever originated in Newfoundland. They were bred as a high spirited, strong built, medium sized, short coated gun dog. The AKC officially recognized the breed in 1917. This breed currently ranks as the number one most popular dog breed, according to the AKC. They are recognized in solid yellow, brown or black coat colors. Their typical personality is friendly, outgoing & active. Labradors tend to be fond of water, as they were originally bred to retrieve downed waterfowl. Their grooming routine is relatively lax; weekly brushing, occasional bathing, regular nail trimming and monitoring ears. Although this breed is considered to be relatively healthy, it is suggested to watch for hip and elbow dysplasia, eye diseases and monitor weight gain.
The Tonkinese cat that we know today was produced by crossbreeding the Burmese and the Siamese in the 1960’s. This crossbreeding resulted in a medium sized solid cat with a mink coat that is short and soft, only requiring light brushing to maintain. This breed is known to be very affectionate and is happiest while interacting with their owner. It is recommended to provided multiple outlets for the breed such as climbing structures and toys. House proofing is also very important, they are known to create their own games with toys and objects. Overall they tend to be a healthy breed, due to their crossbred origin they do not have many congenital defects.
The Brittany(Brittany Spaniel) was originally bred in France as a medium sized gun dog, used primarily for bird hunting. They are a compact, energetic, athletic dog with a solid build and medium coat. The AKC officially recognized the Brittany Spaniel in 1934 but, the name was changed to Brittany in 1982. The most common color pattern for this breed is a varied orange and white or liver and white but, they may be seen in a few other colors. This breed has a tendency to become quite shy if not properly socialized starting at an early age. In general, this breed tends to be rather hardy. They may be prone to hip dysplasia, eye diseases and ear problems.
The Australian Shepherd is a medium sized ranch dog developed in the western United States. The Aussie was officially recognized by the AKC in 1991 and currently rank at number 18 in popularity. They are very driven, high energy, eager to please, versatile and intelligent. This breed typically excels in herding, obedience, agility, frisbee and other canine sports. They have also been utilized in human assistance such as search and rescue, guide, disaster and therapy services. Being a high energy dog, they require adequate exercise, attention and mental stimulation. Routine maintenance is required to keep their medium length coat healthy and mat free, weekly brushing is recommended. This breed may be prone to vision and epilepsy disorders. The average life expectancy is between 12 and 18 years.
The Chihuahua is the world’s smallest breed of dog. This is a versatile breed that comes in a variety of colors, coat types and sizes. This breed originated in the state of Chihuahua, Mexico and gained recognition by the AKC in 1904. Currently, according to the AKC, Chihuahuas rank as the 25th most popular dog breed. They typically do well in apartment living as long as they receive regular walks and outdoor activity. Though tiny in size, this breed is full of personality. They are a relatively healthy breed but may be prone to issues such as patellar luxation, cardiac and eye disease. Average life expectancy is around 15 years of age.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a toy spaniel originally from the United Kingdom. They were bred for friendly, eager to please temperaments in order to act as an ideal compact companion. This breed is highly affectionate and thrives on human interaction. They are typically good with children and other animals. They come in a variety of coat colors; blenheim, black & tan, black & white and ruby. The AKC officially recognized the breed as of 1995 and they currently rank as the 19th most popular dog breed. This breed requires a moderate amount of grooming and regular brushing to avoid matting on their underbelly and ears. They can also be prone to cataracts, luxating patellas and mitral valve disease. Their average lifespan is between 9 and 15 years of age.
Domestic medium hair cats(DMH) are of mixed ancestory, therefore they can come in a variety of shapes, sizes and temperaments. Some cats are quiet and docile while others are more active and vocal. Some are affectionate, while others are independent. Most are playful when they are young. Some enjoy the company of children and other pets. Due to their longer, and often thicker, coats they do require more grooming and brushing than the closely related domestic shorthair. Weekly brushing helps to prevent matting and hairballs.